There are four species of plasmodium (malarial parasite).
· Plasmodium Vivax
· Plasmodium Malariae
· Plasmodium Ovale
· Plasmodium Falciparum
Female anopheles mosquito
Life cycle in Human:
Sporozoites => merozoites (in liver) => merozoites (in RBCs) => release of merozoites due to the RBC rupture, merozoites infect other RBCs. Some merozoites differentiate into gametocytes => gametocytes containing red cells are sucked by female anopheles mosquito.
· High Grade Fever
· Rigor and Chill
The episode may come after 4, 6, 12, 24, 48 or 72 hrs.
Ø Cerebral Malaria can be caused by Plasmodium Falciparum.
Ø Black water syndrome is caused by Plasmodium Falciparum in which the patient has black urine due to hemolysis.